death penalty in myanmar

08 Jan death penalty in myanmar

353, 373, 2008. 45 of 1860, May 1, 1861. [6] In January 2016, 77 death sentences were commuted by the President’s Office. CRC/C/15/Add.237, Jun. please contact. An ethnic Shan armed group that unofficially controls a swathe of Shan State in northeastern Myanmar has sentenced a man to death for the kidnap, rape and murder of a six-year-old girl. [28] Myanmar is party to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and has withdrawn its reservations. [3] In January 2014, President Thein Sein commuted all of the country’s death sentences to life imprisonment. 30, 2010. [3] Myanmar Principles Laid Down to Serve as Bases in Prescribing State Fundamental Principles, National Convention, art. [16] We did not find the military law. [7] U.S. Dept. 295, 322-324, Ch. A/65/779, Mar. of Homeland Security, Myanmar: Information on the Situation of the Rohingyas, http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,USCIS,,MMR,,3deccd7a4,0.html, Mar. Ko Ni’s status as a Burmese Muslim and his willingness to criticise the failure of political parties to field Muslim candidates in the 2015 elections was widely known. U Ko Ni’s death had a chilling effect on democratisation, and capital punishment for his killers won’t undo the damage. 1 of 1993. [4] Burma Code of Criminal Procedure, art. [1] Burma Penal Code, art. http://www.reprieve.org.uk. [11] Prosecutions for political crimes in Myanmar are arbitrary and both overbroad and under-inclusive; the junta-controlled courts pronounce sentences against individuals who have not been shown to have any connection to violent insurgent attacks underlying prosecutions; these same courts do not entertain actions against junta personnel who commit acts of violence against civilians and participate in systematic state terror, including torture, rape, displacement, and lethal violence, against the population. Officials of Myanmar’s Shan State has sentenced a man to death for the kidnap, rape and murder of a six-year-old girl. Reportedly, no one has been executed since the 1980s. [18] Myanmar Narcotic Drug and Psychotropic Substances Law, arts. [9] In April 2018, President Win Myint commuted the sentences of at least two people on death row. [22], Drug Possession.Drug possession is presumed to be in the course of trafficking if scheduled quantities of drugs are found; drug trafficking carries the mandatory death penalty if the offender is a recidivist, part of a criminal organization, uses arms or explosives, uses children under the age of 16 or uses the influence of a public servant in carrying out the offense. At least nine, but very likely significantly more. 302, No. 27, 2012. 11, 2010. [6], The U.S. Department of State reports that in capital cases defendants are legally guaranteed an attorney at state expense; the context of the discussion suggests that for common criminal offenses (such as for murder) this right is probably respected. [2] U.S. Dept. Information current as of: February 27, 2011, Abolitionist de facto. The death penalty would further enhance the culture of violence, impunity and death we are now experiencing. [7] Drug trafficking is punishable by death; [8] the penalty could be mandatory under some circumstances. [16] U.N.G.A., 67th Session, 60th Plenary Meeting, pp. [11] Nevertheless, the current junta has committed to a policy of non-execution of death sentences and has not executed anyone since taking power in 1988. 13 Mar 2019 10:00, death penalty against political opponents, Violence in Myanmar: look elsewhere than Security Council, Military on the front line in Thai election, Pacific links: faux pas, cricket bats, more, Indigenous roots of the “first” Filipino suicide bombing, Washington: The king is dead, long live the king. [26] U.N.G.A., 62nd Session, Note Verbale dated 11 January 2008, U.N. Doc. 6, 2016. 31, 2004. A member of the armed group, called the Shan State Progress Party, said Wednesday the death penalty was "the only option" for the 30-year-old, who assaulted the … 30, 2010. Bangladesh to mull death penalty in rape law review after protests By Naimul Karim, Thomson Reuters Foundation . 54-71 U.N. Doc. He … 135, U.N. Doc. 204, 2008. Reprieve A/73/589/Add.2, Dec. 4, 2018. Unclear. 382, Jul. 28, 2001 (discussing terrorism, oppression of the Rohingya group and a policy of disenfranchisement and displacement; also discussing forced labor relevant to that group and to civilians in general); VOANews.com, Burmese Rebel Group Denies Responsibility for Tuesday Blasts, http://www.voanews.com/english/news/asia/Burmese-Rebel-Group-Denies-Responsibility-for-Tuesday-Blasts-82945762.html, Jan. 28, 2010; AsiaNews.it, Leader of Burma’s Biggest Rebel Group Killed, http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Leader-of-Burma%E2%80%99s-biggest-rebel-group-killed-11527.html, Feb. 15, 2008 (note the displacement of Karen peoples and destruction of Karen villages); BBC News, Burmese Rebel Leader is Shot Dead, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7244684.stm, Feb. 14, 2008 (note discussion of the assassination as potentially political and by the junta); Burma News Intl., Karen Rebel Army Forced to Retreat, http://www.bnionline.net/news/mizzima/6524-karen-rebel-army-forced-to-retreat.html, Jun. 31, 2004; ECPM, La peine de mort dans le monde—La peine de mort : Myanmar (Birmanie), http://www.abolition.fr/ecpm/french/fiche-pays.php?pays=MMR, last accessed Oct. 12, 2010; Burma Penal Code, arts. 45 of 1860, May 1, 1861. Mentally Ill.Nothing is an offense when done by a person who because of unsoundness of mind is incapable of knowing the nature of the act or its wrongness or criminality at the time it is done. The Department notes that no official census has occurred in Myanmar since 1983; it is somewhat likely that the Department is making a estimation based on the U.N.’s population growth projection for Myanmar. 1, 1898. 30, 2010. [6] Myanmar Narcotic Drug and Psychotropic Substances Law, arts. [28] We checked the laws of Myanmar (Burma) as available through the Burma Lawyers’ Council at http://www.blc-burma.org/. of State, 2009 Human Rights Report: Burma, Denial of Fair Public Trial, http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2009/eap/135987.htm, Mar. Appeals lie to the immediately superior court. Friends who often watch the news should be familiar with the above two prisoners. [23], Reportedly, no one has been executed since the 1980s. More than two years have passed since Australia had a permanent US ambassador. [10] By the end of 2018, there were 9 new death sentences. 16- 17, U.N. Doc. [8] Myanmar Narcotic Drug and Psychotropic Substances Law, art. [3] Status, Declarations, and Reservations, Optional Prot. 20, 22-23, No. This is the paradox of the death penalty in Myanmar. Ko Ni’s assassination two years ago, on 29 January 2017, was a horrendous shock and has had a chilling effect on efforts for constitutional reform. Lowy Institute. Myanmar is not a party to the ICCPR, so the Human Rights Committee does not issue concluding observations or adjudicate on petitions regarding Myanmar. [14]. Accordingly Myanmar is considered to be on the list of abolitionist in practice. [10] Myanmar Narcotic Drug and Psychotropic Substances Law, arts. [1] Status, Declarations, and Reservations, ICCPR, 999 U.N.T.S. of State, Background Note: Burma, http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35910.htm, Jul. According to a 2017 report by the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, 709 prisoners in 26 prisons across the country have had death sentences commuted to life imprisonment. 0 Number of Executions in . [5] London EC3P 3BZ The website of the Burma Lawyers’ Council was a useful starting point in researching the state and development of the law in Myanmar, a subject that is somewhat unclear: http://www.blc-burma.org/. 10, 2010 (discussing systematic torture, forced labor, humanitarian violations, and discrimination); Amnesty Intl., Myanmar—The Administration of Justice: Grave and Abiding Concerns, p. 20-25, ASA 16/001/2004, Mar. 19, 2010; U.N.G.A. 194, No. 28, 2010; Encyclopedia of the Nations, Myanmar, http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and-Oceania/Myanmar.html, last accessed Sep. 13, 2010. His death also had a chilling effect on minorities, particularly Muslims. A/62/439/Add.2, Dec. 5, 2007. A/63/716, Feb. 12, 2009. If you have a disability and are having trouble accessing information on this website or need materials in an alternate format, [10] U.N.G.A., 71st Session, Promotion and protection of human rights: human rights questions, including alternative approaches for improving the effective enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms, paras. The death penalty, 1642 U.N.T.S, art be treated differently around the world 30... … Myanmar is considered to be in the Wa Region handing Down the penalty. 1974, following the student protests against the socialist regime, a key student leader Maung. Denial of Fair Public Trial, http: //www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/ACT50/001/2012/en, Mar be mandatory under some circumstances Abolitionist de Abolitionist. Sources corroborate the preceding paragraphs the ineffectiveness of the death penalty as a deterrent against was. Clearly official de jure moratorium on Executions analysis on International events from experts at the Abolition of the penalty... 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